Featured post

A walk in the Park

This blog is dedicated to everyone who has struggled with Community Medicine. Through my posts I hope to simplify and demystify community medicine. The emphasis will be on clarifying concepts rather than providing ready-made answers to exam questions.

Feedback is crucial for the success of this endeavour, so you are encouraged to comment and criticize if you cannot understand something.

If you want a topic to be discussed sooner rather than later, please let me know via

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Community-Medicine-for-ASSES/429533760433198  

[Alternatively, you may join the group communitymedicine4asses: 


Twitter: @DocRoopesh

In addition, you could take a short survey to help improve this blog:


A single example may not be able to explain 100% of a given topic, so multiple examples may be provided to explain different parts of a single concept.

If something doesn’t seem right:

a. Write to me about it (at communitymedicine4asses@yahoo.com), and

b. Cross check with another source (textbook, expert, etc.)

I hope that my exertions will make your experience with community medicine seem like a “Walk in the Park”

Note 1. Those who wish to contact me on facebook are requested to kindly send a personal message introducing themselves along with the request. This will help save time and effort of all concerned. Please do not expect me to visit your page to try and identify you/ your areas of work/ interest, etc. It is common courtesy to introduce oneself to another when interacting for the first time. I am merely requesting that the same civil courtesy be extended here, too. Henceforth, I may not accept any friend requests/ requests to join the group on facebook unless accompanied by a note of introduction (except when I already know the sender).  

Note 2. Please understand that this blog (and the corresponding facebook page/ group) is maintained in my spare time. I have a full time job, and am available to pursue these activities only after regular working hours (after 5 pm Indian Standard Time). However urgently you may wish to receive a response from me, I will be able to respond only upon returning home from work (I am offline the rest of the time).

Note 3. Please mind your language when interacting with me/ in the group linked to this blog. Rude/ offensive language will result in expulsion from both my friends list and the said group.

Enhanced by Zemanta

World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019 (18-24 November): The future of antibiotics depends on all of us

World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) is celebrated in November each year. It aims to increase global awareness of antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, health workers and policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.

This year, the theme is ‘The future of antibiotics depends on all of us’.

Background Information:

Since their discovery, antibiotics have served as the cornerstone of modern medicine. However, the persistent overuse and misuse of antibiotics in human and animal health have encouraged the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance, which occurs when microbes, such as bacteria, become resistant to the drugs used to treat them.

Key Messages:

Taking antibiotics when they are not needed accelerates emergence of antibiotic resistance, one of the biggest threats to global health.

Overuse of antibiotics can cause bacteria to become resistant, meaning current treatments will no longer work.

It is the bacteria itself that become resistant to antibiotics- not the person or animal.

When bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, common infections will no longer be treatable.

Antibiotic resistant infections can affect anyone, of any age, in any country.

Antibiotic resistant infections can lead to longer hospital stays, higher medical costs and more deaths.


World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019

You can help prevent antibiotic resistance by

  • washing your hands properly
  • preparing food hygienically
  • limiting close contact with others when you are sick
  • practicing safe sex
  • keeping your vaccinations up-to-date
  • standing up for your right to safe drinking water and sanitation
  • not sharing antibiotics with others
  • always following the advice of a qualified health care professional when taking antibiotics

World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019

Not all infections can be treated with antibiotics; antibiotics don’t cure viruses like colds and flu.

Antibiotics are not always the answer. Do not demand antibiotics if your health care professional says you don’t need them.

Only take antibiotics prescribed to you, do not share them with friends or family.

World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019

Even if you rarely take antibiotics you can get a resistant infection.

WAAW 2019 social stills

Safe sex prevents infections and slows the spread of antibiotic resistance.

WAAW 2019 social stills

Vaccination prevents infections and slows the spread of antibiotic resistance.

WAAW 2019 social stills

Proper hand hygiene prevents infections and slows the spread of antibiotic resistance.

WAAW 2019 social stills

Useful Link:

Link to WHO news release on World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2019 (WAAW 2019):